كتب: ما بعد الانقلاب العسكري الفاشل في تركيا ..... التحديات والسيناريوهات

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بعد العاشرة بقليل، بتوقيت تركيا الصيفي، من مساء يوم الجمعة، 15 يوليو 2016م شهدت تركيا محاولة انقلاب عسكري دامت تحركاته للسيطرة على المرافق الحيوية قرابة أربع ساعات تابع العالم وقائعها على شاشات الفضائية وحبس الأتراك أنفاسهم، ولكن سرعان ما توالت المؤشرات بسرعة بالغة على أن الانقلاب يفشل، ورغم أن المحاولة الانقلابية على الحكم الديمقراطي في تركيا تميزت بالعدد الكبير والمهم للقوات العسكرية المشاركة فيها وباتساعها وبعُنفها، لكن تصميم القيادة التركية على المقاومة والتفاف الشعب التركي وكافة القوى السياسية والمدنية حولها أفشل الانقلاب، وفتح الباب أمام إحداث تغييرات كبيرة داخل بنية الدولة التركية.

وتباينت ردود الأفعال الدولية إزاء محاولة الانقلاب العسكري الفاشلة حيث كشف تعاطي وسائل الإعلام المحلية والإقليمية والدولية مع الحدث الجلل عن مدى تباين المواقف المؤيدة والرافضة، وتوالت التداعيات داخل تركيا وخارجها وتكشفت خيوط الانقلاب رويداً رويداً فيما اتخذت القيادة التركية إجراءات حاسمة مع الانقلابيين، قوبلت بتخوفات ورسائل دولية تعقيباً على هذه الإجراءات التي كان لها ما بعدها.

وإزاء هذه التداعيات عقدت مجموعة التفكير الإستراتيجي يوم 13 أغسطس 2016م ندوة بحثية بعنوان «ما بعد الانقلاب الفاشل في تركيا»، واستضافت مجموعة من الخبراء والسياسيين والمفكرين لمناقشة تداعيات هذا الانقلاب وطرح أفكار حول التحديات والسيناريوهات المتوقعة على الصعيد المحلى والإقليمي والدولي لوضع تصور تقدير موقف مناسب لما بعد الانقلاب، ويعد هذا الإصدار سجلاً للندوة البحثية لتستفيد منه كل المؤسسات والخبراء فى مجال التفكير الإستراتيجي. 

 

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    Cannabis will likely be taxed more than tobacco, marketed like wine, funded like
    the riskiest of start-ups and grown under bank-like security.
    Below the AUMA, the state could deny a license to any applicant
    who has been convicted of an offense that's substantially related to the qualifications, capabilities, or
    duties of the enterprise or career for which the appliance is made In figuring out which offenses are substantially associated to the skills, capabilities, or duties of
    the enterprise or career for which the applying is made,” the state will take into account
    a long listing of offenses (discovered within the AUMA at section 26057),
    starting from violent felony convictions to felony convictions involving fraud, deceit, or
    embezzlement.

    News Launch: CDFA Broadcasts Public Evaluate and Comment Period for
    the Draft Program Environmental Impact Report (PEIR) for Cannabis Cultivation. The Draft PEIR, launched
    in accordance with the California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA), triggers
    a 45-day public overview and remark period to allow agencies and fascinated parties the chance to supply enter on the environmental analyses,
    mitigation measures, and options associated with statewide cannabis
    cultivation. CDFA has scheduled four public workshops in July to
    offer the general public and regulatory agencies an opportunity
    to ask questions and submit comments on the draft PEIR.


    CDFA ha programado cuatro talleres públicos en julio
    para ofrecer la oportunidad al público y las agencias regulatorias de hacer preguntas y presentar comentarios sobre el documento borrador del
    PEIR. CDFA será la agencia responsable de conformidad
    con la ley CEQA y considerará los comentarios públicos respecto al alcance y contenido de la
    información incluida en el PEIR. Todos los siguientes talleres del borrador del PEIR se realizarán de 6pm a 8pm.
    El periodo formal de comentario público de forty
    five días para el borrador del PEIR sobre otorgamiento de licencias de cultivo por CalCannabis empieza el 15 de
    junio de 2017 y termina el 31 de julio de 2017.


    CDFA yuav ua ib lub chaw coj kev ua raws li CEQA thiab yuav txiav txim siab txog zej tsoom cov
    lus taw qhia ntsig txog thaj tsam thiab cov ntsiab lus ntawm cov ntaub ntawv suav nrog hauv PEIR.
    Sij hawm forty five-hnub ncua sij hawm zej
    tsoom cov lus taw qhia rau CalCannabis Thawj Daim Qauv Kev Tso Cai Cog
    Xas PEIR pib txij thaum Lub Rau Hli 15, 2017, thiab xaus rau
    thau Lub Xya Hli 31, 2017. Cov lus sau taw qhia yuav muab xa mus rau: California Department of
    Meals and Agriculture, Attn: Amber Morris, CalCannabis Cultivation Licensing
    Program, Draft PEIR, 1220 N Street, Suite four hundred, Sacramento, CA 95814.
    News Release: CDFA Releases Draft Regulations on California's Medical Hashish Cultivation Program.


    A. In response to the Act, the Bureau may deny a
    license to an applicant who has been convicted of an offense that's
    substantially associated to the qualifications, functions, or duties of the enterprise or career
    for which the application is made. A. If a neighborhood jurisdiction bans all or a selected type of medical hashish business,
    then, below the Act, a business isn't allowed to function in that jurisdiction. A.
    The type of license you need will depend on your small business and what
    capabilities you need. A. The Bureau anticipates that laws will probably be developed by January 1,
    2018. Data might be despatched out to e mail-alert subscribers:
    (subscribe at ) or you could request info concerning the Bureau's proposed laws be despatched to you by
    mail.

    Whether this is doable or not will hinge completely on the
    city and/or county of selection, because the state allows the native municipalities
    to ban or place moratoriums on whether to license marijuana
    retailers for operation or not. Set up the operational infrastructure to be in accordance with all laws and then open your doors for enterprise.
    Contract with cultivators and/or edible/extraction/infused
    products manufacturers to develop and produce marijuana
    merchandise for you, if you happen to don't want to do it yourself.
    Same as Retail Store steps, the only distinction is that you will be contracting
    with dispensaries, delivery companies and/or edible/extraction/infused merchandise producers to
    grow marijuana for them.

    Agencies responsible for developing a system for promoting marijuana in California, including the Bureau of Medical Hashish Regulation, have fallen behind in some key tasks.
    Although the licensing system won't be full by 2018, the bureau hopes to have the ability to start processing applications
    by that point, however might initially should concern some provisional licenses.
    Jerry Hill (D-San Mateo), chairman of the Senate Business, Professions and Economic Growth Committee.
    Frankly, I have to say that there is a considerable quantity of skepticism from a few of us up right here about meeting that deadline,” Hill mentioned to begin the meeting.


    He said some state departments could also be ready by Jan. However we now have to face
    the information — it is not reasonable that all
    the Proposition sixty four rules and laws will probably be
    in place by the brand new yr,” McGuire mentioned.
    It's unclear what the results is perhaps if state agencies
    are unable to meet Proposition 64's January 2018 deadline to concern nonmedical hashish licenses,” the report mentioned.
    Medical hashish dispensaries are allowed to continue working until new licenses can be found, so any delays would have an effect on solely leisure users.
    Some proponents of pot legalization say they trust Ajax will get the job executed, whereas
    Don Duncan, California director of Americans for Safe Entry, which
    advocates for patients, stated placing the appropriate system in place is extra essential than meeting a deadline.


    Often medical marijuana companies are regarded and banned in cities as a result of it's thought of to be a public nuisance.
    When approaching a metropolis for consideration for a marijuana
    based mostly business, it is going to be essential
    to display how your organization will NOT change into a nuisance and show the value you are going to provide to the neighborhood.
    Some gadgets to consider together with within the proposal are the number of
    jobs created, potential metropolis income, and a community advantages plan. Your community benefits plan might include metropolis activism, fundraising, or
    meals drives. Exhibit how you plan to regulate
    security and supply a secure business.

    Hopefully together with your initial contact you had been in a position to secure a place on the agenda.
    If you cannot make the city comfortable with your solutions, it's unlikely you will be allowed to operate.
    Under are town web sites and call information for each metropolis in Orange County who haven't yet adopted a neighborhood ordinance relating to
    marijuana companies. With out a written policy
    in place, it is an opportunity to create relationships with the City Council to collaborate and doubtlessly come to an agreement concerning your online business.
    Whereas none of these steps will guarantee a license approval, they do provide the
    chance to make the case to the city.

    Next, businesses will apply for a Conditional Use Allow by submitting the Operations Plan for approval to
    the Constructing Official and Police Chief. Involved events
    must submit a business permit application on to the City.
    Contemplate time constraints, especially with the deadline of December 31, 2017 to have a
    neighborhood hashish license, essential for the application for State Recreational Use
    Cannabis License. As soon as the applying process is
    in flight, the appropriate vendors and operations model should be ready for execution. Bellflower is
    an up-and-coming suburban city in the county of Los Angeles and
    one of the few cities in LA County who're providing opportunities
    for buyers and new enterprise owners with 12 licenses being offered.


    In September 2016, the Lynwood Planning Commission carried out a noticed public listening to on proposed amendments to the Lynwood Zoning Ordinance,
    and recommended amending the zoning district the place cannabis commercial facilities are
    allowed, to permit such facilities within the manufacturing zone of the Metropolis only.
    The town manager is allowed to formulate, undertake, and amend the testing guidelines relating to the safety and potency of medical cannabis
    at Licensed Premises. The City Supervisor additionally has the authorization to
    contract with a number of independent testing laboratories with the
    intention to assist town supervisor in performing periodic and random testing.


    Utility Process: The process to open a business marijuana enterprise in Lynwood begins
    with an evaluation and ranking and criminal history
    test. Marijuana businesses operating within the City
    are required to have their marijuana periodically examined by an independent and licensed testing facility.
    In addition, the City just lately approved Measure M , giving the
    City Council and Mayor the authority to regulate all aspects of commercial
    hashish activity within the Metropolis. The city of Long Seashore permitted Measure MM allowing marijuana businesses, including marijuana cultivation, distribution,
    manufacturing and testing businesses.

    On September 29, 2016 Governor Jerry Brown, signed AB 2679 into law in order to provide steering for
    cannabis manufacturers which are at the moment operating in the state
    of California. A cannabis manufacturer is any firm that uses strategies to organize cannabis or its by-products for business retail and/or wholesale, together with, however not restricted, to the processes of drying, cleaning, curing, packaging, and extraction of the
    active components of cannabis so as to create marijuana-related merchandise and concentrates.
    Examples of corporations which are thought-about as
    hashish manufacturers are companies that produce marijuana extracts and concentrates.


    The CDPH can be accountable for developing the requirements that apply to
    the manufacturing and labeling of manufactured medical marijuana products.
    As well as, the CDPH has been tasked with figuring out and creating
    reviews of any medical marijuana merchandise which have been misbranded or adulterated.
    The CDPH is presently holding meetings with a purpose
    to handle concerns relating to hashish producer licensing.
    However, till 2018, which is when the CDPH formally takes over as the regulatory physique for cannabis manufacturing,
    state legislators are hoping that AB 2679 can provide cannabis producers with enough protection from unnecessary raids from local law
    enforcement agencies, enabling them to proceed with their regular operations.


    Though the requirement to register for a Vendor's Permit for businesses who promote medical hashish didn't go into effect until 2005
    , enterprise who opened earlier than the effective date
    are nonetheless required to register and pay any taxes that they may owe.
    Moreover, companies who opened after this date and didn't
    register for a Vendor's Allow are required to register and may
    additionally be required to make back tax funds. You probably have a number of places, you're required to register every location (situated on totally different premises) of your enterprise.

    In some circumstances, the BOE does allow you to acquire a
    consolidated permit for a number of enterprise retailers.



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    Unfortunately, we have to nix a lot of the artistic” business models and product proposals
    we see in California, Washington, and Oregon (the hashish states in which
    now we have our workplaces and in which our attorneys do most of their
    work) as a result of these states rarely tolerate or permit unique enterprise fashions
    or ideas. It's a small miracle when a state allows cannabis supply to clients by
    dispensaries. Washington State would not allow supply, which helps the unlawful market there.
    Oregon did not allow dwelling delivery by retailers till February of this
    yr. Even California's proposed MCRSA retailer rules
    (which can be withdrawn in full , however most likely re-issued in comparable type within the near future) limit deliveries to retail
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